What is Lipid Profile Test

A human body contains fats that are known as lipids. These fats play an important role in forming the cells and boosting the levels of energy in the body. Monitoring these fats through lipid profile test is essential for determining whether a person’s cholesterol is controlled or not.

What is lipid test

This is a standard blood test that aims at detecting any abnormality or disorder in the function of lipids. The test aims at measuring the levels of certain types of fats/ lipids such as cholesterol and triglycerides. Any type of abnormalities indicatedin this test can be associated with cardiovascular problems, genetic disorders or pancreatitis. This test investigates 4 elements in a person’s blood; cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL.

  • Cholesterol:Cholesterol is a soft type of fats in a person’s blood. It is one of the most significanttypes of lipids. It travels in blood stream through the lipoprotein particles. These particles do not only contain cholesterol, but they contain triglyceride and protein as well.High levels of cholesterol can negatively affect the health and wellbeing of a person’s heart. It can be associated with serious heart disorders such as attacks and strokes. Consuming food that contains fats is a major factor in increasing the levels of cholesterol, which can typically lead to narrowing the person’s blood vessels. Gradually, the vessels willget blocked so that a patient will start experiencing serious and endless heart problems.
  • Triglycerides:Triglycerides are the other most important type of lipids/fats in a person’s blood. They areoriginally residual calories that a person’s body does not really need and will not burn. These calories are converted into triglycerides. Eventually, these components are kept in the fat cells. The levels of triglycerides are usually high in overweight and obese people. It can be also high in people with type 1 or 2 diabetes.
  • HDL:This term stands for high-density lipoprotein. This type of lipoprotein is not harmful. It is important for keeping a person’s cardiovascular health in order.High-density lipoproteinis important in fighting the harmful cholesterol such as LDL.
  • LDL:This term stands for low-density lipoprotein. This type of lipoprotein is a harmful one. Higher amounts of LDL in a person’s blood can contribute to increasing the possibilityof havingheart disorderssuch as strokes.

How to prepare for the test

This is a standard blood test that includes withdrawing a blood sample from a patient’s arm vein. There are some preparations required for performing this test in order to get accurate results. Fasting for a specific time is essential for this test. Doctors can recommend 9-12 hours of fasting. This means no drinking or eating till performing the lipid profile test. It is also important for a patient to discuss any medicationsor drugs that a person takes, as some medications can elevate the levels of cholesterol and other lipids in blood. Accuracy of results is absolutely critical for determining any diseases or disorders with a patient’s heart.

Important facts about test results

Patients need to be aware of the normal ranges and values oflipid components. Overall, it is important to have low ranges all elements except for high-density lipoprotein. Having high levels of HDL indicate the health and well-being of the heart.

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